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The shoulder is the most complex and unstable joint in the body and it can get injured easily. Shoulder surgery is a means of treating injured shoulders. Many surgeries have been developed to repair the muscles, connective tissue, or damaged joints that can arise from traumatic or overuse injuries to the shoulder.


Shoulder Anatomy
The shoulder is a ball and socket joint. The shoulder joint comprises bone ligaments tendons and muscles that connect the arm to the torso


Clavical (collar bone)

Scapula (shoulder blade)

Humerus (long bone of the arm.)

The shoulder has 3 joints that work together to bring about movement in multidirectional are:

Acromioclavicular joint – The AC joint gives us the ability to raise the arm above head.

Glenohumeral joint – This is a ball-socket type joint. The Ball is the top rounded part of humerus and the Socket is bowl shaped part of scapula called the glenoid into which the ball fits. The joint allows the arm to move in a circular rotation as well as towards and away from the body.

Coracoacromial joint
Structures which give stability to shoulder are
Labrum– piece of a cartilage that cushions the humerus head and glenoids. It deepens the glenoid cavity and stabilizes the joint.
Rotator cuff muscle– supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis form a group that pull the humerus into scapula. It also helps in rotation of the arm.
Two sacs like structures called bursa are also located in the shoulder
Subacromial bursa
Subcoracoid bursa-They secrete synovial fluid which helps to reduce friction between moving parts. Together all of these structures create one of the most flexible joint in the body.

About Lokmanya Hospitals :

Multi Facility Specialised Orthopedic Hospital in Pune

Adopt Most Latest Medical Technology to make treatments more Accurate

Patient Centric Culture

Cater in all kind of Joint Treatments

Team Of Expert Doctors and Surgeons

Awarded by National and International Awards

About Surgeon :

Dr. Narendra Vaidya

20+ Years Of Experience
6000+ Joint Replacements
50,000+ Orthopedic Surgeries
2000+ Spine Surgeries
2000+ Arthroscopy
Across 5 Continent